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Any person learning to drive a motor vehicle is required to obtain a learner’s license.The law requires that he should display on the front and the rear of vehicle a square shaped white plate or card which should 17″(17 cms) x 7″ (17 cms).On this plate must be written the letter ‘L‘ in RED colour. The lettering should be 4″ (10 cms) in height and 3.5″ (8.5 cms) in width He must carry his learner’s license at the time of driving. A learner’s license issued is valid for a period of six months and there is no grace period. A learner’s license is valid only in the State where it is issued. The minimum age at which a learner’s license can be issued is 18 years.  DRIVER WITH LEARNER'S LICENCE FOR CAR A car driver (learner’s license holder) must have by his side a person duly licensed to drive a vehicle. He should sit by his side in such a position as to be able to readily stop the vehicle. FOR PERMANENT LICENCE HOLDERS  A permanent license is valid for the type of vehicle for which it is issued. After its expiry, there is a grace period of 30 days within which to get it renewed. The minimum age for applying for a permanent license is 18 years. For paid drivers, it is 20 years. A paid driver must carry his driving license at the time of driving. A permanent license is valid throughout in India.  BEFORE DRIVING MAKE SURE THAT  Your vehicle is registered. Registration number is displayed prominently in front and rear in the prescribed manner. It is insured to cover liability in respect of any third party risk. The vehicle is in roadworthy condition. A vehicle which is not roadworthy is a risk to your own life and of others You are not under the influence of drinks/drugs to such an extent that you are unable to control the vehicle properly. You have a valid driving license for the type of vehicle you are driving. You are physically and mentally fit to drive.  UNDER THE LAW YOUR CAR MUST  Be registered. Have headlight, backlight for illuminating the number plate. Lighting time starts half an hour after sunset and continues until half an hour before sunrise. Have brakes of sufficient strength Have tyres properly inflated and in good and sound condition. Have the horn in working order Have its steering mechanism adequately maintained and in good trim.Be equipped with electrical or mechanical device.  Stopped by the Traffic Police ? A traffic policeman in uniform has the right to demand your driver’s license and inspect your vehicle documents. He may impound your license if he should so judge it necessary. If a traffic policeman gives you instructions on the road, it is your duty to obey them regardless of what the electronic traffic signals say. When a traffic policeman is stationed at a signal/crossing, he is the final authority. If you cannot find your vehicle, it is likely that it may have been towed rather than stolen. Ask around, local shopkeepers are normally informed about local traffic stations where impounded vehicles are kept. What action a Policeman may take? He may note down the particulars of your license which will later be forwarded to a court. The court will then issue instructions regarding what course of action is to be taken – a certain amount as fine. If you plead guilty and send the requisite amount, the case will be filed, else summons will be sent to you and the case will be judged on merit. He may impend your Drivers’ License and issue a temporary license (which lasts only for a stipulated period). You may compound the offense by paying a fine at the police station under whose jurisdiction the license was impounded. Else you will be provided a summons from court, if you fail to appear in court, an arrest warrant may be issued. If the policeman is an officer of rank sub-inspector or above, you may compound the office on the spot by paying a fine. The relevant receipts will be provided to you. Some important offences:  Not carrying valid license while driving without a license. Allowing a vehicle to be driven by someone who does not have a license. Driving without insurance permit / fitness Speeding / reckless driving Driving under the influence of alcohol. Lane-cutting / dangerous lane-cutting Moving against a One-way. Stopping at a pedestrian crossing / crossing a stop line. Improper use of headlights. Using a private vehicle for commercial purposes. Carrying goods in a dangerous manner. Taxi Drivers refusing to ply / charging extra / not wearing uniform. Jumping traffic signal lights.


TIPS for Drivers

In life and on the road, the journey is as important as the destination. Observe the following guidelines while driving to ensure the safety of you and your family as also your fellow wayfarers.  Be attentive and alertwhile driving. You cannot rely on your fellow drivers to follow traffic rules and keep you safe. Only if you are paying proper attention to your immediate surroundings, will you have enough reaction time to respond to any potentially dangerous situations like a child or animal suddenly darting across the road. Therefore, it is advised that you not use your mobile phone while driving. Always stop the vehicle to attend to calls. It is also helpful if you do not play loud music in your car or using headphones while riding a motorcycle. Wear helmetwhile driving a two-wheeler and seatbelt while driving a car. The vast majority of fatalities in road accidents result from head injuries, which can be easily avoided with the use of these standard safety measures. Ensure that helmets are of good quality (ISI certified) and give full coverage to the head. Also, wearing a helmet is no use if the strap of the helmet is not fastened, as the helmet will simply fly off the head in case of an accident. Ensure the pillion rider also wears the helmet. Avoid triple riding. A two-wheeler is designed to carry only two persons, and higher loads will make the vehicle unbalanced, causing accidents involving higher fatalities. Do not overspeed. Driving at a higher speed may save you time, but it also significantly increases the chances of an accident - and the higher the speed, the more horrific are the injuries caused. Driving at higher speeds makes it difficult to control the vehicle and also reduces the reaction time available to you to respond to the unexpected. Therefore, always try to match the speed of the rest of the traffic, without exceeding the speed limit. Keep to the leftto stay out of the way of faster vehicles. If another driver seems to be in a hurry, do not be stubborn and give right of way. And if you need to go ahead of a slower vehicle in front of you, overtake from the right. Do not drink and drive. Alcohol severely affects our motor skills, such that one may not be in a position to even walk properly, let alone drive. Always ensure there is a designated driver in the group to drive the vehicle after a party or take public transport or taxi/auto instead. Drunken driving is a punishable offence which attracts a heavy fine, jail term and even cancellation of license. Slow the vehicle at zebra crossings, traffic signals and speed humps. These spots are more likely to be used by pedestrians to cross the road. Also slow the vehicle when making left/right turnsor turning into a service lane and gradually join the main flow of traffic. Also drive slowly during rain and foggy weather. Follow lane discipline.Do not haphazardly swerve left and right in traffic as sudden vehicle movements and wrong overtaking can lead to accidents. Do not jump traffic signals.Oncoming traffic from the other direction can lead to a high risk of accident. Do not use headlights on high beam on roads where there is oncoming trafficas it blinds the drivers on the other side. Keep the vehicle in good conditionto avoid the risk and inconvenience of sudden breakdowns. Get emission test done regularly to help reduce air pollution. Do not use horn unnecessarilyas it causes disturbance to other drivers and contributes to noise pollution. Do not decorate your vehiclewith garlands and buntings as it limits your field of vision through the windscreen and distracts other drivers. Always carry your vehicle documentsin original in your vehicle - driving license, registration certificate, emission certificate, insurance certificate and taxation certificate. Transport vehicle owners should additionally keep their fitness certificate and permit. You may be asked to produce these documents at any time by the police and non-production may lead to detention of vehicle. Do not park in “no parking” areasas it causes obstruction, leading to slow movement of traffic and inconvenience to pedestrians. When parking next to a pavement, do not park more than 15 cm away from the side wall.

Last Updated: 25-02-2021 12:33 PM Updated By: BAGALKOTE DISTRICT POLICE

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